Summary: Researchers at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN, imaged the knees of 27 patients using dual energy CT— 16 of the patients had confirmed ACL tears, while 11 had no history of trauma, said Dr. Katrina Glazebook, a lead author of the study.
April 16, 2013 - Dual
energy computed tomography (CT) is an effective way to evaluate emergency
department patients with possible anterior
cruciate ligament (ACL)
tears, a new study shows. ACL
tears are one of the most frequent ligamentous injuries of the knee; they are not
commonly diagnosed in the emergency department because they are not seen on
Researchers at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN, imaged the
knees of 27 patients using dual
energy CT— 16 of the patients had confirmed ACL tears, while 11 had no
history of trauma, said Dr. Katrina Glazebook, a lead author of the study.
The images were reviewed by a musculoskeletal subspecialty trained
radiologist and one senior level radiology resident. The subspecialty-trained radiologist was 94%
accurate in identifying the ACL tears on dual energy CT; the resident had an
87% accuracy rate, said Dr. Glazebrook.
“While this is a new use for dual energy CT, the images were
of sufficient spatial resolution and diagnostic quality that radiologists with
various levels of expertise in musculoskeletal imaging could accurately
identify the tears,” said Dr. Glazebrook.
Dual energy CT can also be used to assess bone bruise or
contusion within the bone marrow, added Dr. Glazebrook.
“While MRI is considered the gold standard for evaluation of
internal derangement of the knee, MRI is rarely used in the emergency
department because it requires a longer scan time (30-40 minutes in which the
patient has to keep his or knee in what can be an uncomfortable position) as
compared to CT (few seconds). MRI is usually not readily available and it can
be more costly than CT,” added Dr. Glazebrook.
“Using dual energy CT to identify significant internal derangement of
the knee early can facilitate treatment planning for patients with knee
trauma,” she said.
The study is part of an electronic exhibit that will be
available from April 13-April 19 at the ARRS
Annual Meeting in Washington, DC.
For more information:
Annual Meeting and www.appliedradiology.com